The word "polio" is a shortened form of the disease's actual name. What
is that name?
2. What is
at least one other name that has been used for this disease?
3. What causes
4. In the "major
disease" of polio, nerve cells are damaged, resulting in what?
5. The first
major polio outbreak in the United States occurred in what year?
6. In what
year was the polio virus first identified?
7. In 1921,
this future president of the United States contracted polio and was left
with little use of his legs. Can you name him?
8. The Meriwether
Inn became a haven for polio survivors. In what town in Georgia was it
9. In 1928,
this device consisting of a pump and a large metal tank was developed to
help polio survivors breathe. Some still use it today. What is it called?
Eddie Cantor urged radio listeners to send their spare change to the White
House to help in the fight against polio. What famous phrase did he use
to describe this fund-raising effort?
Elizabeth Kenny traveled to the United States in 1940. From what country
did she come?
12. What procedures
did Kenny use in treating polio patients?
12. At what
famous medical clinic did Kenny first demonstrate these procedures?
14. How was
Kenny described by those who met her?
15. In 1952,
the United States suffered its worst polio epidemic. How many cases are
16. This physician
and researcher was the first to develop a successful polio vaccine. What
was his name?
17. On what
date (month, day, and year) were the successful results of the field trials
(tests) of this vaccine announced?
18. In 1962,
a new oral polio vaccine was put into use in the United States. What was
the name of the researcher who developed it?
19. How was
this new vaccine an improvement?
20. The number
of polio cases reported in 1964 shows the success of this new vaccine.
How many cases of polio were there in the United States during that year?
21. In the
1970s, many polio survivors started to report new and unexpected polio-related
problems that began 30 or more years after they initially had polio. What
name has been given to this syndrome?
22. What are
the symptoms of this syndrome?
23. In 1988,
the World Health Organization launched a campaign to rid the world of polio
by the year 2000. What prevented this goal from being achieved?
information on cases and outbreaks of poliomyelitis be found?
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